How to Write a Literature Review for a Dissertation: 12 Steps

 

dissertation lit review

Literature Reviews. Remember, you should not hand in any of these literature reviews as your own work, as we do not condone plagiarism! If you use any of these free literature reviews as source material for your own work, then remember to reference them correctly. The dissertation requires extensive planning, profound research, as well as a level of writing that would definitely prove to your professors how passionate you are regarding the subject matter and that you were looking for lit review topic ideas. Learn from Dissertation Literature Review Sample5/5. Structure of Literature Review for Dissertation. When writing the thesis literature review you need to keep in mind that structure can’t be strictly defined, you don’t need to adjust to the strict rules, rather the structure will be defined by the topic itself and the research areas.5/5.


Doing a literature review — University of Leicester


Date published February 22, by Shona McCombes. Date updated: August 26, A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources such as books, journal articles, and theses on a particular topic.

It gives an overview of key findings, concepts and developments in relation to a research problem or question. Table of contents When do you have to write a literature review? If you write a thesis or dissertation, you will have to conduct a literature review to situate your research within existing knowledge.

You might include it in the introduction or theoretical frameworkor it might be a separate chapter that comes before the methodology and results sections.

You might also be assigned a literature review as a stand-alone paper. The content will look slightly different in each case, but the process of conducting a literature review will follow dissertation lit review same steps. Before you begin searching for literature, you need a narrowly defined topic.

If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions. This is the first step in understanding the state of knowledge on your topic before you begin your own research. If you are writing a literature review as a stand-alone assignment, you will have to choose a focus and develop a central question to direct your search.

Unlike a dissertation research question, this question has to be answerable without collecting or generating new data. You should be able to answer it based only on a review of existing publications. Start by creating a list of keywords related to your research topic and question, dissertation lit review.

Some useful databases to search for journals and articles include:. When you find a useful article, check the reference list to find more relevant sources, dissertation lit review. If the same authors, books or articles keep appearing in your reading, make sure to seek them out. You can find out how many times an article has been cited on Google Scholar — high citation counts mean the article has been influential in the field.

You will have to evaluate which dissertation lit review are most valuable and relevant to your questions. Make sure the sources you use are credibleand make sure you read any landmark studies and major theories in your field of research. The scope of your review will depend on your topic and discipline: in the sciences you usually only review recent literature, but in the humanities you might take a long historical perspective for example, to trace how a concept has changed in meaning over time.

As you read, you should also begin the writing process — take notes that you can later incorporate into the text of your literature review. It is important to keep track of your sources with citations to avoid plagiarism. It can be helpful to make an annotated bibliography, where you compile full citation information and write a paragraph of summary and analysis for each source.

This helps you remember what you read and saves time later in the process. You can use our free citation software to quickly create correct and consistent APA citations or MLA format citations.

See an example. Based on your reading and notes, you can look for:. This step will help you work out the structure of your literature review and if applicable show how your own research will contribute to existing knowledge. There are various approaches to organizing the body of a literature review.

You should have a rough idea of your strategy before you start writing. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies — for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but dissertation lit review theme is discussed chronologically.

The simplest approach is to trace the development of the topic over time, dissertation lit review. However, if you choose this strategy, be careful to avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order. Try to analyze patterns, turning points and key debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.

If you have found dissertation lit review recurring central themes, you can organize your literature review into subsections that address different aspects of the topic. For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access, dissertation lit review. If you draw your sources from different disciplines or fields that use a variety of research methodsdissertation lit review, you might want to compare the results and conclusions that emerge from different approaches.

For example:. A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. You might argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical dissertation lit review, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research. Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introductiona main body, and a conclusion.

What you include in each depends on the objective of your literature review. If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context.

If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, discuss the scope of the literature you will review for example, dissertation lit review, the time period of your sourcesand state your objective. What new insight will you draw from the literature? Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want dissertation lit review divide the body into subsections.

You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach. The example below is taken from the body of a literature review on the relationship between national identity and nature conservation. This paragraph discusses how humanities scholars dissertation lit review approached the concept of wilderness. Following Cronon, the racial dissertation lit review class politics of wilderness preservation was a theme taken up by several scholars dissertation lit review the late s and early s, who researched the material effects of conservation politics on indigenous and rural Americans Catton ; Spence ; Jacoby The US National Park system became the dominant paradigm for analyzing relations between conservation, nationhood and nationalism.

Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature. The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically.

In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance, dissertation lit review. If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, show how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, dissertation lit review, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research.

If you are writing a stand-alone paper, you can discuss the overall implications of the literature or make suggestions for future research based on the gaps you have identified, dissertation lit review. Our quick guide to proofreading offers some useful tips and tricks! Wonderful indeed! Time saving and to the point. Dissertation lit review complexity but simplicity.

Highly thankful! Thanks, I find this information very helpful to to my academic works in research and writing as whole. It is my hope that you give a clear sample formats so as understand the step by step concept.

Once more thanks. Hi Lucy, Somebody ask me "what shaped or guided your literature review LR? Is my answer sufficient? Can you kindly give your comment please. Thank you. I've read nearly your whole website, it's brilliant! Regarding LR, I would like to suggest one thing I have myself been advised to use by a friend: mindmaps. There are a couple of free apps such as XMind which I loooove that saved my life and eased my work so much while typing my LR.

It helps you structure your articles by topic for example, I put my references and summed up each relevant article in a topic. This made it sooo much easier to organise my work, my ideas, my structure and my writing because all I had to do was to go back on my map instead of going back to the articles.

Hi Mohamed, Thank you for your question. Unfortunately we can't help you with this question, as it is too specific. Sorry about that! Kind dissertation lit review, Lucy. Have a language expert improve your writing, dissertation lit review. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free!

Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a literature review. Literature review research question What is the relationship between customer loyalty and customer satisfaction? Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example.

Dissertation literature review If you are writing the literature review as part of your dissertation or thesis, reiterate your central problem or research question dissertation lit review give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Stand-alone literature review If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, discuss the scope dissertation lit review the literature you will review for example, dissertation lit review, the time period dissertation lit review your sourcesand state your objective.

Dissertation literature review If the literature review is part of your dissertation lit review or dissertation, show how your research addresses dissertation lit review and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research. Stand-alone literature review If you are writing a stand-alone paper, dissertation lit review, you can discuss the overall implications of the literature or make suggestions for future research based on the gaps you have identified.

Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Read more Previous article How to write a dissertation introduction The introduction leads the reader into dissertation lit review dissertation. It should describe the topic, focus, importance, and objectives of your research.

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Top 10 tips for writing your dissertation literature review | Oxbridge Essays

 

dissertation lit review

 

Literature Reviews. Remember, you should not hand in any of these literature reviews as your own work, as we do not condone plagiarism! If you use any of these free literature reviews as source material for your own work, then remember to reference them correctly. Feb 22,  · Dissertation literature review. If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, show how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research/5(). Structure of Literature Review for Dissertation. When writing the thesis literature review you need to keep in mind that structure can’t be strictly defined, you don’t need to adjust to the strict rules, rather the structure will be defined by the topic itself and the research areas.5/5.